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    工业产品模型的制作技法
    2016-10-19 13:43:44
    工业产品模型,无论是从普通初模到高级综含产品样机模型,都是由数种相同或不同材料加工汇集而成的。因此,在加工过程中,只有了解各种模型材料加工技法、各种工具与设备的使用,才会给模型的设计制作带来方便。参考模型(草模、粗模、初模)是初形塑造,是在构思草图基础上,用相适应的材料工具以快速加工成型的方式,使其设计构思或设计草图成为一种简单直 观的产品形象。纸材、面板材、线材等的成型方法,主要是折叠、剪、切。贴等;而油泥、石膏、黏土等型材则需要倒模、切、削等工序。
    The model of industrial product, both from the common primary mode to the advanced fully integrated product model, is made up of a number of the same or different materials. Therefore, in the processing process, only to understand the various models of materials processing techniques, a variety of tools and equipment to use, will give the model design and production to bring convenience. The reference model (grass model, rough mold, die early) is the beginning of shape shape, is in the draft on the basis of using compatible materials tool for rapid processing, the design or design sketch has become a simple and intuitive image of the product. The forming method of the paper material, the panel material, the wire rod, etc, mainly is the folding, cutting, cutting and cutting. Stick; and clay, gypsum, clay and other material to mold, cutting and other processes.
    如果采用黏土、油泥、石膏来加工,应先准备一块40cm见方的木垫板,利于塑造时提供平面基础。然后照图形,按适当的比例塑造初形,一次不会意,可重新再作,也可多次尝试几种形态,不必受条框限制。选用的材料要利于加工。如果采用黏土,一定要揉合熟后,以不粘手为宜。若用泡沫塑料板材制作,先按图画线切割后,使用简单工具如雕塑刀、锉刀、手锯等进行加工就行了。
    If the use of clay, clay, gypsum processing, should first prepare a 40cm square wood plate, provide basis to shape when the plane. And then according to the graphics, according to the appropriate proportion of the shape of the initial shape, one will not be intended, can be re made, but also several times to try several forms, do not have to be restricted by the box. Selection of materials for processing. If the clay must blend cooked with sticky hands is appropriate. If made of foam sheet, according to the drawing line after cutting, the use of simple tools such as sculpture, file, such as a knife processing line.
    要注重产品造型风格、立体形态的特点,整体与局部的大致安排。工业模型制作形体不宜过大,且没有严格的尺寸和色彩要求。制作步骤是按照构思好的图形,采用硬质泡沫塑料制作。先在材料上量好尺寸画线下料,选择适当的工具,依照画线尺寸,再用电热切割或活动刀具切割。将切下来的模型几何体或零件,留出适当的加工余量,便于加工和砂磨用。进行粗略加工时应把大面积的与小部分分别加工,一般先锉削粗坯,再砂磨成形体,待大面积的加工完后,再加工小部件至要求尺寸,最后连接组合。
    Must pay attention to the product modelling style, the characteristic of the solid shape, the general and the local general arrangement. Industrial model making the shape is not too large, and there is no strict size and color requirements. The production process is based on the idea of good graphics, the use of rigid foam production. First, the amount of material on the size of the line drawing material, select the appropriate tool, in accordance with the size of the painting, and then electric cutting or cutting tools. Will cut off the model geometry or parts, set aside appropriate machining allowance, easy processing and grinding with sand. Rough processing should be put in large area and small parts processing, usually the first filing blank, and then processed to form sand grinding, large area, and small parts processing to the required size, combined with last.
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