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    厚纸板制作建筑模型有什么要注意的
    2017-3-14 15:09:29
    纸板是建筑模型中常用的材料,纸板根据材质可分为薄纸板和厚纸板,用厚纸板制作建筑模型是现在很流行的一种制作手法。那么,用厚纸板制作建筑模型有什么要特别注意的呢?
    Cardboard is commonly used in building materials, cardboard can be divided into thin cardboard and cardboard based on the material, the use of thick cardboard building model is now a very popular method of making. So, what should be paid particular attention to the use of cardboard building models?
    1、选材要注意:厚纸板的类型有很多,要根据模型制作要求选择到不同色彩及肌理的基本材料。
    1, the selection should pay attention to: there are many types of thick cardboard, according to the requirements of the model to choose different colors and texture of the basic materials.
    2、画线要注意:选材后即可根据图纸进行分解,并将分解后的不同面画在纸板上。画线时,要注意尺寸的准确性,尽量减少制作过程中的累计误差;要注意工具的选择和使用的方法;要注意选择合适的笔,一般画线时使用的是铁笔或铅笔,若使用铅笔,要釆用硬铅(H、2H)轻画来绘制图形。
    2, draw lines should pay attention to: after the material can be decomposed according to the drawings, and the decomposition of the different faces painted on the board. When drawing the line, should pay attention to the size of the accuracy, reduce the cumulative error in the process of making; to pay attention to the method of selection and use of tools; they should choose appropriate pen, use when drawing the line is pen or pencil, if using a pencil, using hard lead (H, 2H) to draw the picture of light graphics.
    3、切割要注意:切割时,要注意在被切割物的下边垫上切割垫,同时切割台面要保持平整,防止在切割时跑刀。一般来说,切割顺序一般是由上至下、由左到右。在切割立面开窗时,要按窗口横纵顺序依次完成切割。
    3, note: cutting cutting, cutting pad at the bottom pad should pay attention to the object to be cut, and the cutting table to keep smooth, prevent the speed skate in cutting. Generally speaking, the order is generally cut from top to bottom, from left to right. Cutting edge in the window, the window in order to complete the vertical and horizontal cutting sequence.
    4、粘接要注意:在粘接过程中,一定要考虑到这样几个问题:1是面与面之间关系,也就是说先粘哪面后粘哪面;2是如何增强接缝强度和哪些节点需要增加强度;3是如何保持模型表层完成后的整洁。在粘接组合过程中,由于建筑物是由若千个面组成,即使切割再准确也存在累计误。所以操作中要随时调整建筑体量的制作尺寸。另外,在粘接程序上应注意先制作建筑物的主体部分,其他部分如踏步、围栏、雨篷、廊柱等构件在建筑主体部分组装成型后再进行组装。
    4, note: adhesive in bonding process, we must consider the following questions: 1 is the relationship between surface and surface, that is to say which side after the first sticky stick which face; 2 is how to strengthen the joint strength and which nodes need to increase strength; the 3 is how to keep the surface clean after the completion of the model. In the process of bonding combination, because the building is composed of thousands of faces, even if the cutting is accurate, the cumulative error. Therefore, the operation should be adjusted at any time the size of the building volume. In addition, the bonding process should pay attention to make the building body part, as in other parts of the step, fence, awning, pillars in the construction of the main part of the component assembly molding and assembly.
    在全部制作程序完成后,还要对模型作最后的修整。即清除表层污物及胶痕,对破损的纸面添补色彩等,同时还要根据图纸进行各方面的核定。
    After the entire production process is completed, the final model should be trimmed. Clean the surface dirt and glue the damaged paper fill color, at the same time, according to the drawings approved in all aspects.
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