济南模型公司
  • 山东省济南市槐荫区古城
  • 商业街(山东省肿瘤医院西邻)
  • 电话:0531-55504101
  • 传真:0531-86013022
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    济南建筑沙盘模型的七种类型特点
    2017-7-18 11:26:30
    一、黏土模型
    Clay model
    济南模型公司黏土材料来源广泛取材方便价格低廉经过“洗泥”工序和“炼熟 过程 其质地更加细腻。黏土具有一定的粘合性 可塑性极强 在塑造过程中可以反复修改 任意调整 修 刮 填,补比较方便。还可以重复使用 是一种比较理想的造型材料,但是如果黏土中的水分失去过多则容易使黏土模型出现收缩 龟裂甚至产生断裂现象 不利于长期保存 。另外,在黏土模型表面上进行效果处理的方法也不是很多,黏土制作模型时一定要选用含沙量少,在使用前要反复加工,把泥和熟,使用起来才方便。一般作为雕塑、翻模用泥使用。
    The clay material of Ji'nan model company is widely distributed, easy to draw and low in price. After the "wash mud" process and the "refining process", the texture is more delicate. Clay has a certain adhesion, plasticity is very strong, in the molding process can be modified repeatedly, arbitrary adjustment, repair, scrape, fill, make up more convenient. The utility model can be used repeatedly, and is an ideal molding material, but if the water in the clay is lost too much, the clay model can be easily contracted, cracked or even broken, which is not conducive to long-term preservation. In addition, there are not many methods to deal with the effect on the surface of clay model. When making clay model, it is necessary to use less sand content. It should be processed repeatedly before use, and it is convenient to use mud and cooked soil. Commonly used as a sculpture, roll and clay.
    二、油泥模型
    Two, clay model
    油泥是一种人造材料。凝固后极软,较软,坚硬。油泥可塑性强,黏性、韧性比黄泥(黏土模型) 强。它在塑造时使用方便,成型过程中可随意雕塑、修整,成型后不易干裂,可反复使用。油泥价格较高,易于携带,制作一些小巧、异型和曲面较多的造型更为合适。一般像车类、船类造型用油泥极为方便。所以选用褐油泥作为油泥的最外层是很明智的选择。油泥的材料主要成分有滑石粉62%、凡士林30%、工业用蜡8%。
    Oily sludge is an artificial material. Very soft, soft, hard after solidification. The clay has strong plasticity, and the viscosity and toughness are stronger than that of yellow mud (clay model). The utility model has the advantages of convenient use, convenient molding and trimming during molding, and is difficult to be dried and cracked after being formed, and can be used repeatedly. The oil sludge is higher in price and easy to carry, so it is more appropriate to make some small, special-shaped and curved shapes. Like other vehicles, boats with sludge is very convenient. Therefore, the use of brown sludge as the outermost layer of oily sludge is a wise choice. The main ingredients of oily sludge are talc powder 62%, Vaseline 30%, industrial wax 8%.
    三、石膏模型
    Three plaster model
    石膏价格经济,方便使用加工,用于陶瓷、塑料、模型制作等方面。石膏质地细腻,成型后易于表面装饰加工的修补,易于长期保存,适用于制作各种要求的模型,便于陈列展示。
    Gypsum price economy, easy to use processing, used in ceramics, plastics, model making and so on. The plaster is exquisite in texture, easy to repair after surface decoration, easy to be preserved for a long time, and is suitable for making all kinds of required models, which is easy to display and display.
    四、塑料模型
    Four, plastic model
    塑料是一种常用制作模型的新材料。塑料品种很多,主要品种有五十多种,制作模型应用最多的是热塑性塑料,主要有聚氯乙烯(PVC)、聚苯乙烯、ABS工程塑料、有机玻璃板材、泡沫塑料板材等。聚氯乙烯耐热性低,可用压塑成型、吹塑成型、压铸成型等多种成型方法。ABS工程塑料的熔点低,用电烤箱、电炉等加热、很容易使其软化,可热压、连接多种复杂的形体。有机玻璃具有适光性好、质量轻、强度高、色彩鲜艳、加工方便等特点,成型后易于保存。
    Plastic is a new material that is often used to make models. Many varieties of plastic, the main varieties of more than 50 kinds of production, is the largest model of thermoplastic plastics, mainly polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polystyrene, ABS engineering plastics, organic glass sheet, foam sheet etc.. PVC has low heat resistance. It can be used in many ways, such as pressing molding, blow molding, die casting and so on. ABS engineering plastic melting point is low, electric oven, electric furnace heating, very easy to soften it, can heat, connect a variety of complex shape. Organic glass has the characteristics of good light quality, light quality, high strength, bright color, easy processing and so on. It is easy to save after molding.
    五、木制模型
    Five, wooden model
    人造板材常有胶合板、刨花板、细木工板、中密度纤维板等。家具的模型制作常用木头制作。
    Wood-based panels are often made of plywood, particleboard, blockboard, MDF and so on. Model furniture is usually made of wood.
    六、金属模型
    Six, metal model
    济南模型公司以钢铁材料应用最多,如各种规格的钢铁、管材、板材,有时少量的也用一些铝合金等其他金属材料。 金属模型材料的制作,主要考虑力学性能和成本等方面的因素。力学性能主要从金属材料的强度、弹性、硬度、刚度以及抗冲击拉伸的能力等方面来考虑。金属模型加工工艺主要有切削、焊接、铸造、锻造等。因实验室加工条件有限,所以金属模型工艺选择较少。
    Ji'nan model company is the most widely used steel material, such as various kinds of steel, pipes, plates, and sometimes small amounts of some other metal materials, such as aluminum alloy. The production of metal model materials mainly considers the factors such as mechanical properties and cost. Mechanical properties are mainly considered in terms of strength, elasticity, hardness, stiffness, and tensile strength of metal materials. The metal model processing technology mainly has cutting, welding, casting, forging and so on. Because of the limited processing conditions in laboratory, the metal model process is chosen less.
    七、综合模型
    Seven. Integrated model
    模型制作所选用的材料,有时不单单是一种材料,也可能是两种或两种。以上材料,经过综合加工制作而成的,但还是以一种材料为主料,其他只是局部的使用,这样制作的模型,整体感较好,后期的装饰处理也方便。如一个石膏雕刻的电话机,上面的显示屏窗口就要用一些透明的有机玻璃,可在反面剪贴一些画面,这样达到逼真的效果,还有按键,就可以选用一些有机玻璃圆棒材,然后工截面切割出大小、厚薄一样的按键,制作出来效果很好。还有一些其他材料,如玻璃钢、泡沫等。
    The material used in model making is sometimes not just a material, but also two or two. The above material has been made by comprehensive processing, but it is mainly made of one kind of material. The other is only partial use. The model made in this way has a good overall feeling and is easy to handle in the later stage. Such as telephone a plaster sculpture, above the display window to use some transparent organic glass, can be opposite clip some pictures, so achieve realistic results, there are buttons, you can use some organic glass round bars, then cut out the section size and thickness as the key, made out of the effect is very good. There are some other materials, such as glass fiber reinforced plastics, foam, etc..
    以上就是济南模型公司http://www.为大家介绍的内容,感谢您在百忙之中查看我公司的信息内容,如果您想要了解的更多,欢迎您来电进行咨询!
    The above is the Ji'nan model company http://www. for you to introduce the content, thank you for your busy schedule to see my company's information content, if you want to know more, welcome to call for consultation!
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